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RUN - Definiția din dicționar

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Run (?), v. i. [imp. Ran (?) or Run; p. p. Run; p. pr. & vb. n. Running.] [OE. rinnen, rennen (imp. ran, p. p. runnen, ronnen). AS. rinnan to flow (imp. ran, p. p. gerunnen), and iernan, irnan, to run (imp. orn, arn, earn, p. p. urnen); akin to D. runnen, rennen, OS. & OHG. rinnan, G. rinnen, rennen, Icel. renna, rinna, Sw. rinna, r&ä;nna, Dan. rinde, rende, Goth. rinnan, and perh. to L. oriri to rise, Gr. &unr_; to stir up, rouse, Skr. &unr_; (cf. Origin), or perh. to L. rivus brook (cf. Rival). √11. Cf. Ember, a., Rennet.] 1. To move, proceed, advance, pass, go, come, etc., swiftly, smoothly, or with quick action; -- said of things animate or inanimate. Hence, to flow, glide, or roll onward, as a stream, a snake, a wagon, etc.; to move by quicker action than in walking, as a person, a horse, a dog. Specifically: --
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2. Of voluntary or personal action: (a) To go swiftly; to pass at a swift pace; to hasten.
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Ha, ha, the fox!” and after him they ran. Chaucer.
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(b) To flee, as from fear or danger.
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As from a bear a man would run for life. Shak.
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(c) To steal off; to depart secretly.
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(d) To contend in a race; hence, to enter into a contest; to become a candidate; as, to run for Congress.
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Know ye not that they which run in a race run all, but one receiveth the prize? So run, that ye may obtain. 1 Cor. ix. 24.
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(e) To pass from one state or condition to another; to come into a certain condition; -- often with in or into; as, to run into evil practices; to run in debt.
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Have I not cause to rave and beat my breast, to rend my heart with grief and run distracted? Addison.
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(f) To exert continuous activity; to proceed; as, to run through life; to run in a circle. (g) To pass or go quickly in thought or conversation; as, to run from one subject to another.
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Virgil, in his first Georgic, has run into a set of precepts foreign to his subject. Addison.
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(h) To discuss; to continue to think or speak about something; -- with on. (i) To make numerous drafts or demands for payment, as upon a bank; -- with on. (j) To creep, as serpents.
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3. Of involuntary motion: (a) To flow, as a liquid; to ascend or descend; to course; as, rivers run to the sea; sap runs up in the spring; her blood ran cold. (b) To proceed along a surface; to extend; to spread.
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The fire ran along upon the ground. Ex. ix. 23.
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(c) To become fluid; to melt; to fuse.
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As wax dissolves, as ice begins to run. Addison.
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Sussex iron ores run freely in the fire. Woodward.
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(d) To turn, as a wheel; to revolve on an axis or pivot; as, a wheel runs swiftly round. (e) To travel; to make progress; to be moved by mechanical means; to go; as, the steamboat runs regularly to Albany; the train runs to Chicago. (f) To extend; to reach; as, the road runs from Philadelphia to New York; the memory of man runneth not to the contrary.
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She saw with joy the line immortal run,
Each sire impressed, and glaring in his son.
Pope.
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(g) To go back and forth from place to place; to ply; as, the stage runs between the hotel and the station. (h) To make progress; to proceed; to pass.
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As fast as our time runs, we should be very glad in most part of our lives that it ran much faster. Addison.
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(i) To continue in operation; to be kept in action or motion; as, this engine runs night and day; the mill runs six days in the week.
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When we desire anything, our minds run wholly on the good circumstances of it; when it is obtained, our minds run wholly on the bad ones. Swift.
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(j) To have a course or direction; as, a line runs east and west.
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Where the generally allowed practice runs counter to it. Locke.
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Little is the wisdom, where the flight
So runs against all reason.
Shak.
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(k) To be in form thus, as a combination of words.
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The king's ordinary style runneth, “Our sovereign lord the king.” Bp. Sanderson.
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(l) To be popularly known; to be generally received.
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Men gave them their own names, by which they run a great while in Rome. Sir W. Temple.
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Neither was he ignorant what report ran of himself. Knolles.
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(m) To have growth or development; as, boys and girls run up rapidly.
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If the richness of the ground cause turnips to run to leaves. Mortimer.
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(n) To tend, as to an effect or consequence; to incline.
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A man's nature runs either to herbs or weeds. Bacon.
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Temperate climates run into moderate governments. Swift.
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(o) To spread and blend together; to unite; as, colors run in washing.
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In the middle of a rainbow the colors are . . . distinguished, but near the borders they run into one another. I. Watts.
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(p) To have a legal course; to be attached; to continue in force, effect, or operation; to follow; to go in company; as, certain covenants run with the land.
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Customs run only upon our goods imported or exported, and that but once for all; whereas interest runs as well upon our ships as goods, and must be yearly paid. Sir J. Child.
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(q) To continue without falling due; to hold good; as, a note has thirty days to run. (r) To discharge pus or other matter; as, an ulcer runs. (s) To be played on the stage a number of successive days or nights; as, the piece ran for six months. (t) (Naut.) To sail before the wind, in distinction from reaching or sailing closehauled; -- said of vessels.
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4. Specifically, of a horse: To move rapidly in a gait in which each leg acts in turn as a propeller and a supporter, and in which for an instant all the limbs are gathered in the air under the body. Stillman (The Horse in Motion).
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5. (Athletics) To move rapidly by springing steps so that there is an instant in each step when neither foot touches the ground; -- so distinguished from walking in athletic competition.
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