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CAST - Definiția din dicționar

Traducere: română


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Cast (k&adot_;st), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Cast; p. pr. & vb. n. Casting.] [Cf. Dan. kaste, Icel. & Sw. kasta; perh. akin to L. gerere to bear, carry. E. jest.] 1. To send or drive by force; to throw; to fling; to hurl; to impel.
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Uzziah prepared . . . slings to cast stones. 2 Chron. xxvi. 14.
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Cast thy garment about thee, and follow me. Acts. xii. 8.
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We must be cast upon a certain island. Acts. xxvii. 26.
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2. To direct or turn, as the eyes.
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How earnestly he cast his eyes upon me! Shak.
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3. To drop; to deposit; as, to cast a ballot.
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4. To throw down, as in wrestling. Shak.
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5. To throw up, as a mound, or rampart.
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Thine enemies shall cast a trench [bank] about thee. Luke xix. 48.
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6. To throw off; to eject; to shed; to lose.
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His filth within being cast. Shak.
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Neither shall your vine cast her fruit. Mal. iii. 11
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The creatures that cast the skin are the snake, the viper, etc. Bacon.
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7. To bring forth prematurely; to slink.
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Thy she-goats have not cast their young. Gen. xxi. 38.
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8. To throw out or emit; to exhale. [Obs.]
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This . . . casts a sulphureous smell. Woodward.
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9. To cause to fall; to shed; to reflect; to throw; as, to cast a ray upon a screen; to cast light upon a subject.
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10. To impose; to bestow; to rest.
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The government I cast upon my brother. Shak.
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Cast thy burden upon the Lord. Ps. iv. 22.
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11. To dismiss; to discard; to cashier. [Obs.]
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The state can not with safety cast him.
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12. To compute; to reckon; to calculate; as, to cast a horoscope.Let it be cast and paid.” Shak.
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You cast the event of war, my noble lord. Shak.
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13. To contrive; to plan. [Archaic]
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The cloister . . . had, I doubt not, been cast for [an orange-house]. Sir W. Temple.
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14. To defeat in a lawsuit; to decide against; to convict; as, to be cast in damages.
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She was cast to be hanged. Jeffrey.
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Were the case referred to any competent judge, they would inevitably be cast. Dr. H. More.
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15. To turn (the balance or scale); to overbalance; hence, to make preponderate; to decide; as, a casting voice.
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How much interest casts the balance in cases dubious! South.
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16. To form into a particular shape, by pouring liquid metal or other material into a mold; to fashion; to found; as, to cast bells, stoves, bullets.
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17. (Print.) To stereotype or electrotype.
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18. To fix, distribute, or allot, as the parts of a play among actors; also to assign (an actor) for a part.
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Our parts in the other world will be new cast. Addison.
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To cast anchor (Naut.) See under Anchor. -- To cast a horoscope, to calculate it. -- To cast a horse, sheep, or other animal, to throw with the feet upwards, in such a manner as to prevent its rising again. -- To cast a shoe, to throw off or lose a shoe, said of a horse or ox. -- To cast aside, to throw or push aside; to neglect; to reject as useless or inconvenient. -- To cast away. (a) To throw away; to lavish; to waste.Cast away a lifeAddison. (b) To reject; to let perish.Cast away his people.” Rom. xi. 1.Cast one away.” Shak. (c) To wreck.Cast away and sunk.” Shak. -- To cast by, to reject; to dismiss or discard; to throw away. -- To cast down, to throw down; to destroy; to deject or depress, as the mind.Why art thou cast down. O my soul?” Ps. xiii. 5. -- To cast forth, to throw out, or eject, as from an inclosed place; to emit; to send out. -- To cast in one's lot with, to share the fortunes of. -- To cast in one's teeth, to upbraid or abuse one for; to twin. -- To cast lots. See under Lot. -- To cast off. (a) To discard or reject; to drive away; to put off; to free one's self from. (b) (Hunting) To leave behind, as dogs; also, to set loose, or free, as dogs. Crabb. (c) (Naut.) To untie, throw off, or let go, as a rope. -- To cast off copy, (Print.), to estimate how much printed matter a given amount of copy will make, or how large the page must be in order that the copy may make a given number of pages. -- To cast one's self on or To cast one's self upon to yield or submit one's self unreservedly to, as to the mercy of another. -- To cast out, to throw out; to eject, as from a house; to cast forth; to expel; to utter. -- To cast the lead (Naut.), to sound by dropping the lead to the bottom. -- To cast the water (Med.), to examine the urine for signs of disease. [Obs.]. -- To cast up. (a) To throw up; to raise. (b) To compute; to reckon, as the cost. (c) To vomit. (d) To twit with; to throw in one's teeth.
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Cast (k&adot_;st), v. i. 1. To throw, as a line in angling, esp, with a fly hook.
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2. (Naut.) To turn the head of a vessel around from the wind in getting under weigh.
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Weigh anchor, cast to starboard. Totten.
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3. To consider; to turn or revolve in the mind; to plan; as, to cast about for reasons.
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She . . . cast in her mind what manner of salution this should be. Luke. i. 29.
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4. To calculate; to compute. [R.]
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Who would cast and balance at a desk. Tennyson.
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5. To receive form or shape in a mold.
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It will not run thin, so as to cast and mold. Woodward.
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6. To warp; to become twisted out of shape.
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Stuff is said to cast or warp when . . . it alters its flatness or straightness. Moxon.
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7. To vomit.
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These verses . . . make me ready to cast. B. Jonson.
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Cast, 3d pers. pres. of Cast, for Casteth. [Obs.] Chaucer.
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Cast, n. [Cf. Icel., Dan., & Sw. kast.] 1. The act of casting or throwing; a throw.
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2. The thing thrown.
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A cast of dreadful dust. Dryden.
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3. The distance to which a thing is or can be thrown.About