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SET - Definiția din dicționar

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Set (sĕt), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Set; p. pr. & vb. n. Setting.] [OE. setten, AS. setton; akin to OS. settian, OFries. setta, D. zetten, OHG. sezzen, G. setzen, Icel. setja, Sw. s&ä;tta, Dan. s&unr_;tte, Goth. satjan; causative from the root of E. sit. √154. See Sit, and cf. Seize.] 1. To cause to sit; to make to assume a specified position or attitude; to give site or place to; to place; to put; to fix; as, to set a house on a stone foundation; to set a book on a shelf; to set a dish on a table; to set a chest or trunk on its bottom or on end.
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I do set my bow in the cloud. Gen. ix. 13.
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2. Hence, to attach or affix (something) to something else, or in or upon a certain place.
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Set your affection on things above. Col. iii. 2.
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The Lord set a mark upon Cain. Gen. iv. 15.
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3. To make to assume specified place, condition, or occupation; to put in a certain condition or state (described by the accompanying words); to cause to be.
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The Lord thy God will set thee on high. Deut. xxviii. 1.
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I am come to set a man at variance against his father, and the daughter against her mother. Matt. x. 35.
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Every incident sets him thinking. Coleridge.
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4. To fix firmly; to make fast, permanent, or stable; to render motionless; to give an unchanging place, form, or condition to. Specifically: --
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(a) To cause to stop or stick; to obstruct; to fasten to a spot; hence, to occasion difficulty to; to embarrass; as, to set a coach in the mud.
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They show how hard they are set in this particular. Addison.
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(b) To fix beforehand; to determine; hence, to make unyielding or obstinate; to render stiff, unpliant, or rigid; as, to set one's countenance.
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His eyes were set by reason of his age. 1 Kings xiv. 4.
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On these three objects his heart was set. Macaulay.
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Make my heart as a millstone, set my face as a flint. Tennyson.
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(c) To fix in the ground, as a post or a tree; to plant; as, to set pear trees in an orchard.
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(d) To fix, as a precious stone, in a border of metal; to place in a setting; hence, to place in or amid something which serves as a setting; as, to set glass in a sash.
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And him too rich a jewel to be set
In vulgar metal for a vulgar use.
Dryden.
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(e) To render stiff or solid; especially, to convert into curd; to curdle; as, to set milk for cheese.
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5. To put into a desired position or condition; to adjust; to regulate; to adapt. Specifically: --
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(a) To put in order in a particular manner; to prepare; as, to set (that is, to hone) a razor; to set a saw.
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Tables for to sette, and beddes make. Chaucer.
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(b) To extend and bring into position; to spread; as, to set the sails of a ship.
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(c) To give a pitch to, as a tune; to start by fixing the keynote; as, to set a psalm. Fielding.
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(d) To reduce from a dislocated or fractured state; to replace; as, to set a broken bone.
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(e) To make to agree with some standard; as, to set a watch or a clock.
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(f) (Masonry) To lower into place and fix solidly, as the blocks of cut stone in a structure.
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6. To stake at play; to wager; to risk.
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I have set my life upon a cast,
And I will stand the hazard of the die.
Shak.
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7. To fit with music; to adapt, as words to notes; to prepare for singing.
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Set thy own songs, and sing them to thy lute. Dryden.
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8. To determine; to appoint; to assign; to fix; as, to set a time for a meeting; to set a price on a horse.
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9. To adorn with something infixed or affixed; to stud; to variegate with objects placed here and there.
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High on their heads, with jewels richly set,
Each lady wore a radiant coronet.
Dryden.
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Pastoral dales thin set with modern farms. Wordsworth.
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10. To value; to rate; -- with at.
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Be you contented, wearing now the garland,
To have a son set your decrees at naught.
Shak.
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I do not set my life at a pin's fee. Shak.
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11. To point out the seat or position of, as birds, or other game; -- said of hunting dogs.
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12. To establish as a rule; to furnish; to prescribe; to assign; as, to set an example; to set lessons to be learned.
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13. To suit; to become; as, it sets him ill. [Scot.]
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14. (Print.) To compose; to arrange in words, lines, etc.; as, to set type; to set a page.
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To set abroach. See Abroach. [Obs.] Shak. -- To set against, to oppose; to set in comparison with, or to oppose to, as an equivalent in exchange; as, to set one thing against another. -- To set agoing, to cause to move. -- To set apart, to separate to a particular use; to separate from the rest; to reserve. -- To set a saw, to bend each tooth a little, every alternate one being bent to one side, and the intermediate ones to the other side, so that the opening made by the saw may be a little wider than the thickness of the back, to prevent the saw from sticking. -- To set aside. (a) To leave out of account; to pass by; to omit; to neglect; to reject; to annul.
[1913 Webster]Setting aside all other considerations, I will endeavor to know the truth, and yield to that. Tillotson.
[1913 Webster](b) To set apart; to reserve; as, to set aside part of one's income. (c) (Law) See under Aside. -- To set at defiance, to defy. -- To set at ease, to quiet; to tranquilize; as, to set the heart at ease. -- To set at naught, to undervalue; to contemn; to despise.Ye have set at naught all my counsel.” Prov. i. 25. -- To set a trap To set a snare, or To set a gin, to put it in a proper condition or position to catch prey; hence, to lay a plan to deceive and draw another into one's