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BREAK - Definiția din dicționar

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Break (br&ā;k), v. t. [imp. broke (br&ō;k), (Obs. Brake); p. p. Broken (br&ō;"k'n), (Obs. Broke); p. pr. & vb. n. Breaking.] [OE. breken, AS. brecan; akin to OS. brekan, D. breken, OHG. brehhan, G. brechen, Icel. braka to creak, Sw. braka, br&ä;kka to crack, Dan. brække to break, Goth. brikan to break, L. frangere. Cf. Bray to pound, Breach, Fragile.] 1. To strain apart; to sever by fracture; to divide with violence; as, to break a rope or chain; to break a seal; to break an axle; to break rocks or coal; to break a lock. Shak.
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2. To lay open as by breaking; to divide; as, to break a package of goods.
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3. To lay open, as a purpose; to disclose, divulge, or communicate.
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Katharine, break thy mind to me. Shak.
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4. To infringe or violate, as an obligation, law, or promise.
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Out, out, hyena! these are thy wonted arts . . .
To break all faith, all vows, deceive, betray.
Milton
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5. To interrupt; to destroy the continuity of; to dissolve or terminate; as, to break silence; to break one's sleep; to break one's journey.
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Go, release them, Ariel;
My charms I'll break, their senses I'll restore.
Shak.
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6. To destroy the completeness of; to remove a part from; as, to break a set.
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7. To destroy the arrangement of; to throw into disorder; to pierce; as, the cavalry were not able to break the British squares.
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8. To shatter to pieces; to reduce to fragments.
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The victim broke in pieces the musical instruments with which he had solaced the hours of captivity. Prescott.
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9. To exchange for other money or currency of smaller denomination; as, to break a five dollar bill.
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10. To destroy the strength, firmness, or consistency of; as, to break flax.
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11. To weaken or impair, as health, spirit, or mind.
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An old man, broken with the storms of state. Shak.
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12. To diminish the force of; to lessen the shock of, as a fall or blow.
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I'll rather leap down first, and break your fall. Dryden.
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13. To impart, as news or information; to broach; -- with to, and often with a modified word implying some reserve; as, to break the news gently to the widow; to break a purpose cautiously to a friend.
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14. To tame; to reduce to subjection; to make tractable; to discipline; as, to break a horse to the harness or saddle.To break a colt.” Spenser.
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Why, then thou canst not break her to the lute? Shak.
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15. To destroy the financial credit of; to make bankrupt; to ruin.
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With arts like these rich Matho, when he speaks,
Attracts all fees, and little lawyers breaks.
Dryden.
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16. To destroy the official character and standing of; to cashier; to dismiss.
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I see a great officer broken. Swift.
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With prepositions or adverbs: --
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To break down. (a) To crush; to overwhelm; as, to break down one's strength; to break down opposition. (b) To remove, or open a way through, by breaking; as, to break down a door or wall. -- To break in. (a) To force in; as, to break in a door. (b) To train; to discipline; as, a horse well broken in. -- To break of, to rid of; to cause to abandon; as, to break one of a habit. -- To break off. (a) To separate by breaking; as, to break off a twig. (b) To stop suddenly; to abandon.Break off thy sins by righteousness.” Dan. iv. 27. -- To break open, to open by breaking.Open the door, or I will break it open.” Shak. -- To break out, to take or force out by breaking; as, to break out a pane of glass. -- To break out a cargo, to unstow a cargo, so as to unload it easily. -- To break through. (a) To make an opening through, as, as by violence or the force of gravity; to pass violently through; as, to break through the enemy's lines; to break through the ice. (b) To disregard; as, to break through the ceremony. -- To break up. (a) To separate into parts; to plow (new or fallow ground).Break up this capon.” Shak.Break up your fallow ground.” Jer. iv. 3. (b) To dissolve; to put an end to.Break up the court.” Shak. -- To break (one) all up, to unsettle or disconcert completely; to upset. [Colloq.]
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With an immediate object: --
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To break the back. (a) To dislocate the backbone; hence, to disable totally. (b) To get through the worst part of; as, to break the back of a difficult undertaking. -- To break bulk, to destroy the entirety of a load by removing a portion of it; to begin to unload; also, to transfer in detail, as from boats to cars. -- To break a code to discover a method to convert coded messages into the original understandable text. -- To break cover, to burst forth from a protecting concealment, as game when hunted. -- To break a deer or To break a stag, to cut it up and apportion the parts among those entitled to a share. -- To break fast, to partake of food after abstinence. See Breakfast. -- To break ground. (a) To open the earth as for planting; to commence excavation, as for building, siege operations, and the like; as, to break ground for a foundation, a canal, or a railroad. (b) Fig.: To begin to execute any plan. (c) (Naut.) To release the anchor from the bottom. -- To break the heart, to crush or overwhelm (one) with grief. -- To break a house (Law), to remove or set aside with violence and a felonious intent any part of a house or of the fastenings provided to secure it. -- To break the ice, to get through first difficulties; to overcome obstacles and make a beginning; to introduce a subject. -- To break jail, to escape from confinement in jail, usually by forcible means. -- To break a jest, to utter a jest.Patroclus . . . the livelong day breaks scurril jests.” Shak. -- To break joints, to lay or arrange bricks, shingles, etc., so that the joints in one course shall not coincide with those in the preceding course. -- To break a lance, to engage in a tilt or contest. -- To break the neck, to dislocate the joints of the neck. -- To break no squares, to create no trouble. [Obs.] -- To break a path, road,